The European Repo Council of the International Capital Market Association (ICMA) has released the results of its 24th semi-annual survey of the European repo market, which sets the baseline figure for market size at EUR5,611bn.
This figure shows a 0.9 per cent decline in the size of the market since the last survey in June 2012 and represents a 9.5 per cent reduction of repo business since the December 2011 survey.
Analysis of a constant sample of survey respondents, using only the figures for the banks that participated in the last three surveys, reveals a more marked decline in market size of 6.6 per cent since June 2012 and an 11.9 per cent year-on-year contraction. Continued weakness in the market is thought to reflect the effect of the ECB’s Long Term Refinancing Operations (LTRO) liquidity, which has meant that banks have been able to decrease their reliance on funding from repo operations in the market. However, the size of the market remains well above the trough recorded in the December 2008 survey (EUR4,633bn).
Godfried De Vidts, chairman of ICMA’s European Repo Council, says: “The survey results demonstrate the continued existence of a robust European repo market; however the future of this market is in jeopardy. The European Commission’s latest proposal for Financial Transactions Tax comes at a time when the Basel Committee has guided interbank lending transactions away from an unsecured to a secured basis and when wholesale market participants, together with the Central Bank community, have moved to the repo market because it is the safest way of distributing liquidity throughout the European banking system. The FTT proposals to tax repo transactions put the economic viability of repo, including triparty, transactions at significant risk, which will lead to less liquidity provision to the real economy.”
The share of government bonds within the pool of EU originated collateral reached a high of 81.3 per cent, reflecting greater availability of core Eurozone government bonds and particularly of German government bond collateral, as investors stopped hoarding “safe haven” assets such as German government bonds following the improvement in market sentiment that followed the announcement of the OMT in September.
The share of transactions with more than one year to maturity decreased sharply from 13.3 per cent in the June survey to 5.9 per cent suggesting that this form of longer-term financing has been substituted by access to the three year LTROs.
The share of all CCP-cleared repos (which includes those transacted on an ATS and automatically cleared across a CCP, but also those transacted directly with a counterparty or via a voice-broker, and then registered with a CCP post trade) rebounded sharply to 31.7 per cent from 26.1 per cent, close to the high of 32.0 per cent reported in December 2011.
The share of transactions in the survey conducted electronically was broadly unchanged since the previous survey at 32.8 per cent, but the share of voice brokers continued its apparent downward trend.
On the issue of potential collateral shortage De Vidts says: “The FTT proposals also put at risk the implementation of EMIR, which requires the use of collateral for centralised and bilateral clearing. As ESMA highlighted upon release of its first EU securities markets risk report on 14 February: the collapse of unsecured markets during the financial crisis, as well as regulatory initiatives, have led market participants to rely increasingly on collateral as a means of mitigating counterparty risk, stimulating the demand for collateral.
“Additional demand for collateral will exceed the additional supply of collateral in 2013-2014, making collateral comparatively scarcer. If the FTT on repo transactions (which facilitate collateral being available where it is needed) goes ahead, the regulatory collateral crunch will actually materialise. Is that what we really want to happen?”