Global Hedge Fund Outlook 2020
2020 Top 10 tech predictions – To introduce the Hedgeweek Global Outlook Report 2020, the team at RFA has made the following 10 predictions on technology and how they might impact the industry over the next 12 months. We took a considered approach before settling on these 10 trends based on what we’ve seen across our client base, the conversations we’ve had (and continue to have) on a daily basis, as well as from research into business drivers and emerging technology:
1. Spend on technology will increase (for successful firms anyway). Studies show that profitable firms spend proportionately more on technology than their counterparts with shrinking margins. Interesting that the old adage “spend to accumulate” is appropriate for technology spend too.
2. Hybrid and public cloud use will increase as the major vendors continue to add more services. BUT this will add complexity so managers will need to engage with experts in public cloud management.
3. SaaS adoption will continue to rise due to its simplicity, reliability and predictability. From OMS to CRM systems, SaaS adoption is growing.
4. Serverless Computing will continue to grow in popularity simplifying operations and enabling agility for managers.
5. Data analytics intelligence will improve workforce optimisation and inform product and service transformation. This is a huge growth area across the sector – we have multiple projects going on with clients to give them better data analytics as well as live dashboards and cloud based data warehousing.
6. The “digital workspace” will be even more important. Employees expect and will soon demand the freedom, the flexibility and tools to do their jobs well from anywhere without relying on phones or email.
7. Hedge fund managers will use AI technology to power automation solutions that will drive efficiencies and allow them to do more with less manpower as well as utilising automation tools within workflow management.
8. Managers will strive to keep headcounts as lean as possible. They will do this by continuing to outsource functions.
9. Security Operations, Automation and Response (SOAR) will be the buzz phrase of 2020. As attacks increase in velocity and sophistication, so responses must become faster. Intelligent cybersecurity is the way forward.
10. Technology Risk Management will take centre stage in 2020. Risk assessments are critical for hedge fund managers.
George Ralph (pictured), Managing Director, RFA (UK)
How do you think the global macro picture might play out in 2020?
Dr Savvas Savouri, Chief Economist and Partner, Toscafund Asset Management
Fathoming the macro outlook for 2020 has been made a great deal more difficult in the wake of events in the first days of this new decade, where we have seen a nerve-racking escalation in US/Iranian tensions and indeed across the wider Middle East. The reality is that economic matters were complicated enough at the close of last year. After all we entered 2020 with both Sino-US trade and UK-EU divorce terms unresolved; the seemingly interminable nature of both having taken its economic toll widely across all continents through 2019. Only adding to concerns is the paltry monetary manoeuvrability to navigate away from economic headwinds, which exists in the US, Japan, Eurozone and indeed UK.
We find ourselves then at what seems a hardly encouraging point in time. And yet I cannot fail to be encouraged that the self-interest which Adam Smith famously wrote about in his seminal Wealth of Nations back in 1776, will see us through 2020 in better shape than many warn we should be prepared for.
Yes, China has recorded an economic slowdown. But unlike those with little credible monetary manoeuvrability Beijing has it, and will use it; as we have just seen with yet another lowering in the banking reserve ratio requirement. On top of monetary stimuli China also has recourse to draw upon the considerable sovereign savings piled-up over recent decades. I am also convinced that Beijing will ensure that trade tensions with the US de-escalate, since such an outcome is what best serves China’s internal economy.
Moving on, the clock is ticking for the UK and Europe to deliver a seamless Brexit or instead face a hard shock. But since neither side could possibly benefit from the latter, I for one expect a non-disruptive Brexit. And once this becomes part of consensual thinking sterling will enjoy its deserved rally and economic activity within the UK will accelerate to an impressive run-rate. The latter will be helped by an inaugural fiscally expansionist Budget from this new British Government. Indeed it is no exaggeration to claim that this Chancellor has scope to change the UK fiscal landscape not seen for decades.
As much as the UK economy will enjoy a boost from the public purse be in no doubt it will also be spurred-on from private sector investment, funded from within and overseas. Having seen purchasing manager sentiment fall throughout 2019 and inventories bled as a consequence, also be prepared to see these rebuilt, providing a welcome boost to production. In relation to the UK labour market, here too I anticipate the signs of softness coming through during those ever so uncertain times in the second half of 2019, to be reversed; with hiring freezes thawed and job creation stimulated.
Over on the Continent I expect the realisation that the monetary policy tank is empty to trigger a not dissimilar fiscal response (to the UK); something which has long been needed but resisted; notably within Germany and other hard-core EU Member States. One has to also add that the boost to investment and consumption within the UK cannot fail to produce a welcome lift to those across the EU27 who deliver on this, emphasising the importance of an orderly Brexit.
This of course returns us to existential tensions in the Middle East. Yes, these are extremely troubling, all the more so given the leaderships in both Tehran and Washington are not known for their diplomatic predictability or subtlety, with moreover one side fixated on re-election and both already embroiled in a proxy war within Syria, where Saudi Arabia is also involved.
This said, it is not in the interests of any of the participants for events to escalate into a full-blown military conflict, not least because none can afford it; and by afford I mean not merely in terms of human capital but also financial. Just consider the spike in the price of oil. This hardly serves the interests of its consumers and as for its extractors such as Saudi, Iran and Iraq, its price is hardly relevant if its delivery is disrupted through sanctions and sedition.
My outlook then for 2020 is that despite the seemingly multiple and interminable problems facing the global economy, resolutions will be reached to each and all. I make this claim not least because all the major participants around the world will accept that unless solutions are found, the downside would be unprecedented and as such, entirely immeasurable.
George Papamarkakis, Co-Founder, Managing Partner & CIO, North Asset Management
I still think re-loosening of monetary policy has been the main cause of market performance as opposed to the underlying fundamentals. You need to have an explicit and overt fiscal policy to support growth and central bankers are now endorsing this. It’s the first time in quite a while that they are now talking about fiscal policy and recognising that there is a limit to the efficacy of further monetary easing. So that is an important juncture.
Does it mean we are going to see things change in 2020? Probably not but I wouldn’t be surprised if they do in 2021 and we start to see inflation picking up. This could be driven by a new US administration, resulting in an increase in fiscal policy and other wage or social redistributive income policies, and also by increased fiscal policy in Europe as we get closer to the German elections…but we need this year to play out first.
We are already seeing signs of increased fiscal policy in the UK, where expansionary fiscal policy now will probably have to pick up the slack of Brexit. In the UK right now, you can borrow 30-year money at 1 per cent and inflation is at 2 per cent; any orthodox analysis would tell you that you should be investing when you can borrow with negative real rates.
Xuan Sun, Partner & Portfolio Manager, Hathersage Capital Management
As a new decade begins, we suggest completely forgetting about the question repeatedly asked over last decade: what will be the catalyst that finally ends the constant feedback loop that exists between ultra-low interest rates, debt expansion, low asset price volatility, and the financial engineering which allocates risk systematically based on that low volatility environment? There will be no ending.
The microstructure of financial markets has been irreversibly altered by the unprecedented heavy injections of liquidity from central banks over a now more than ten year period. Fixed income markets with wide-spread negative interest rates are now the norm.
Global macro players must come to terms with the dramatic changes that have occurred and take a fresh look at the way they generate alpha. Adaptations need to be made to find new ways to produce persistent alpha in this new paradigm.
Is it a surprise to see the alpha of global macro players fading in financial markets? In physics, the fine-structure constant, generally denoted by alpha, and quantifying the strength of the electromagnetic interaction between elementary charged particles is known as a critical constant of our universe. However, it is not really a constant at all. Its value has been found to differ both by location and over time. Perhaps alpha in the financial markets can also be thought of in terms of the natural laws of the universe.
What is the biggest risk and/or opportunity to alpha generation in 2020?
Emmanuel Hauptmann, Founding Partner, RAM Active Investments
The largest risk for alpha from stock selection in 2020 remains central bank interventions.
Artificially low interest rates are leading to an un-selective inflation of financial asset prices across asset classes.
They lead investors to take more risk in parallel to less and less attractive valuation levels, making it very difficult for a risk-aware stock selection process to out-perform.
It also gives a false sense of security to investors, which tend to crowd into cheap market vehicles like ETFs that often pay no consideration to either risk or fundamentals, driven by Size, self-perpetuating mega-caps and large caps out-performance of small and mid-caps.
This environment is strongly reminiscent of the market environment at the start of the year 2000, two decades ago, which proved to be the start of a multi-year recovery for stock selection alpha, and for active managers capturing the attractive valuation opportunities lying around mostly within small and mid-cap segments.
If you had to offer a general prediction or trend for short selling activities in 2020, what would it be?
Ben Axler, Founder & CIO, Spruce Point Capital Management LLC
The environment for short selling is robust and attractive. There are a couple reasons why. First, the equity market rally in 2019 was largely based on an interest rate cut induced multiple expansion, and a belief that the trade wars will de-escalate. Large cap corporate earnings didn’t grow much (particularly after removing the effect of stock repurchases and other Non-GAAP adjustments), and now companies must prove in 2020 that their historic multiple expansion is warranted. This sets up many stocks for extreme earnings disappointment relative to inflated expectations.
Secondly, passive investing overtook active investing in 2019. Passive investing has one big drawback in that it generally requires indiscriminate buying (all stocks good and bad) to mimic a benchmark, and assumes that the financial reporting of companies is fairly stated.
This is often an inaccurate assumption. At Spruce Point, we dig beyond the numbers to determine if they are accurate, sustainable and fairly represented, and take an activist approach. Passive investing by its nature doesn’t do this, or try to affect change for a better outcome. While short-selling will always be difficult, with unique forensic research and an activist approach, it will still be possible for short selling to add alpha in 2020.
Emmanuel Hauptmann Founding Partner, RAM Active Investments
The current large outflows suffered by Market-Neutral funds are leading to short covering of positions by hedge fund managers, which helps maintain very inflated valuation levels for a large number of low quality companies.
My prediction is that the “capitulation” on “fundamental-driven” short selling we are living through as investors redeem from funds in the asset class, taking more directional risk, will come to an end in 2020 with a major short alpha recovery.
The extended market cycle alimented by artificially low financing costs and extremely low risk aversion now offers investors attractive short opportunities, on one side with zombie companies making it through so far thanks to ever cheaper financing, on the other side with over-hyped growth names trading at exuberant valuation levels.
As volatility makes a comeback and the uncertainty of the current fragile economic environment gets priced in, it is likely both these short profiles will provide strong return and de-correlation potential from the rest of the market, paving the way for a strong recovery of the Market-Neutral asset class.
What is your broad outlook/prediction for the year ahead?
David Moffitt, Head of Tactical Investment Opportunities and CLO Management Investment, LibreMax Capital
We expect the market growth to be muted based on a dearth of new-issue collateral for CLOs. I would also expect to see debt spreads grind tighter as equivalent investor appetite adjusts to a smaller new-issue pipeline.
Pierre Vannineuse, Founder and CEO, Alpha Blue Ocean
We expect the current extraordinarily low interest rate environment globally to continue, and indeed there may be further interest rate cuts by central banks in economies which are facing slower growth or turbulence, such as the UK as it exits the EU. One of the consequences of post-crisis monetary policy in Europe has been that the banking sector has been reluctant to provide growth capital to dynamic smaller businesses, which creates opportunities for Alpha Blue Ocean to provide innovative financing solutions to such businesses.
What new trend might we see in respect to ESG considerations in hedge fund portfolios in 2020?
Rob Furdak, CIO for ESG, Man Group
Man Group believes there are several ESG trends that will emerge in hedge fund portfolios in 2020.
The first is wider adoption of ESG into the investment strategies. We are seeing a growing supply-demand imbalance for ESG hedge fund strategies, with a dramatically growing demand and a dearth of supply. The big question is whether strategies can be developed to meet asset owners’ return and ESG expectations.
The second is the use of new and varied data sources for responsible investment. These data can be useful to analyse some of the softer ESG issues, especially in the social category.
Finally, we believe measurement and analytics will move more directly into the spotlight in 2020. Asset owners are allocating to ESG strategies to make the world a better place and their constituents are demanding evidence that they are achieving that objective. Greenwashing is one of the biggest risks to responsible investing and evidence-based analytics are the best response to that.
To meet this investor need for better data and measurement, last year we launched Man Group ESG Analytics, a proprietary dashboard-style tool allowing the firm’s investment teams to monitor non-financial risks and analyse ESG factors across single issuers, portfolios and indices and provide portfolio proxy voting performance and statistics.
Michael Stein, Senior Portfolio Manager, Alternative Investments, Citi Private Bank
While Citi Private Bank has a number of ongoing initiatives in the ESG space, it remains more challenging to find hedge funds that are solely dedicated to ESG. We’ve generally seen larger asset managers take the lead in this area, but we expect that as demand from investors grows that we will see increased participation from hedge fund managers. Many allocators including ourselves are actively encouraging hedge funds to incorporate ESG considerations into their investment philosophies and product offerings in line with Citi’s overall initiatives in this area.
Alexander Kallis, Managing Partner and Head of Investments, Milltrust
Since the Global Financial Crash, there has been an increasing demand for GP transparency and reporting among investors. Given their fiduciary responsibilities, professional investors need to be able to monitor the investments and the risks contained in their portfolios. It’s important for managers to align themselves with what the market expects.
We’ve just launched a climate impact fund: a long-only equities fund focused on Asia Pacific. For these types of strategies, investors are becoming a lot more stringent and sophisticated in terms of what information they need to see with respect to a manager’s ESG or impact reporting.
I think ESG analysis will become a base standard for fund managers within the next few years. You won’t necessarily be able to find a manager who is not including some sort of ESG analysis within their pre-screening investment criteria. Everyone is going to use it as part of their research and reporting processes.
To what extent do you think Diversity and Inclusion will become a growing factor in how hedge funds build their portfolio teams in 2020 (and beyond)?
Sara Rejal, Head of Liquid Alternatives, Willis Towers Watson
When we invest in asset managers, there are several aspects we take into consideration. One of these is the role of culture, which we believe is a key ingredient for long-term success, and D&I sits at the heart of culture. As part of digging deeper into the role of culture, in 2019 we took a much closer look at the key decision makers and the equity holders of hedge funds and we were very disappointed by the level of (or lack of) diversity in that cohort. So we’ve been spending a lot of time talking to hedge fund managers about it and working through possible action lists with them, as well as more broadly about culture.
There’s pressure from us as investors, but there’s also a lot more resource to help hedge fund resolve the gaps in their portfolio teams. We expect there to be more focus on this in 2020.
When assessing diversity, we attempt to understand the cognitive diversity and ability to leverage a variety of different perspectives in various decision making processes. We look at gender and ethnic diversity as two important lenses that may serve as strong indicators of potentially more powerful cognitive diversity. We look at the diversity of senior investment decision makers who are responsible for crucially important investment decisions and also at the diversity of owners of our preferred asset management firms.
Examples of things we will be encouraging and looking out for, as part of the culture engagement, include:
- Purpose – what benefits does the firm bring to their clients and employees but also to society and the planet?
- Inclusion – what work/life balance improvements can be made to allow for a cohesive and accepting environment, with the ability to be flexible with work times where needed? How do the leadership behave in response to these initiatives? Is there a cultural acceptance across the firm?
- Assessments – are the staff appreciated for their diversity? How are teams rewarded which allow for their diverse talents to flourish and for them to maintain their work/life balance?
- Training – how open-minded are they in sourcing their talent, from backgrounds that are not “traditional” or identical to the founders? Have they considered hiring senior women with diverse skills rather than exact experience, and then training them up to fit the roles they need? What time horizon do they have in building the right teams?
Are these changes also taking place at the senior, key decision-making and equity owner level? We are passionate about this topic and we will withdraw investment from asset managers who do not demonstrate sufficient regard for culture, including D&I.
Barbara Ann Bernard, Founder, Wincrest Capital
Homogeneity of thought is risky. On the other hand, diverse investment teams enhance resilience because diversity can reduce portfolio risk, promote innovation and improve returns. As consultants and clients begin to demand greater gender and cognitive diversity, it will become an increasingly important factor in how hedge funds build their portfolio teams. Albourne Partners, for example, has started an D&I initiative. In 2020 and beyond, I foresee other consultants following Albourne’s lead.
What is your outlook on strategy selection for 2020?
Don Steinbrugge, Founder & CEO, Agecroft Partners
Strategies that will gain assets in 2020 include:
- Commodity Trading Advisors (CTAs) – CTAs have historically had low correlation to the capital markets and performed well in 2019. Investors will increase their allocation to CTAs in order to reduce tail risk across their portfolio.
- Specialty long/short equity – Managers perceived to have an information advantage or focus on less efficient areas of the market will see inflows. These could include managers that focus on small cap stocks, emerging markets (e.g. China) and specific sectors (e.g. healthcare). In addition, broad valuation differences and fundamentals are expected to impact equity returns more meaningfully in 2020 allowing more active managers to outperform.
- Relative value fixed income – Strategies that provide liquidity to complex/less-liquid fixed income securities have replaced bank proprietary trading desks. Skilled managers generate most of their return through alpha and actively hedge market risk.
- Strategies that blur the lines between private equity and hedge funds – Most of these are private lending/specialty financing and reinsurance. These financing strategies do offer an attractive alternative to traditional fixed income, though there is growing concern about how they will perform in a market downturn.
Jim Neumann, CIO, Sussex Partners
Here are my 2020 Picks & Pans:
Top Picks: Diversifying, Uncorrelated Strategies
Top Pans: Directional Equity or Leverage-Reliant Strategies
Picks: The basket approach is favoured here with a mix of uncorrelated strategies. It has been a bit surprising to hear the negative outlook on global macro from other industry participants at some recent forums, as both discretionary and systematic macro seem to be lining up to continue their newfound performance. The focus in global macro has been on blending styles as well as geographies.
The upward march of equity markets seems to have resulted in the volatility short-sellers getting increasingly bold, particularly in Asia. This global subdued volatility in not just equities but fixed income, currencies, and commodities, only makes a sophisticated exposure here more attractive. This is particularly true against the full to stretched market valuations and the complex geo-political backdrop. Given that Asia has been a hotbed for structured note issuance which is accompanied by issuers having to sell volatility cheaply, this region is a good place to begin sourcing managers.
Away from the liquid diversifying strategies, which have been a focus for a year, some manager-sourced idiosyncratic event and more distressed exposures seem more timely. The problem with waiting to allocate to distressed until the cycle is clear and actionable is that capital may be scarce. Therefore, investing some portion of an eventual budget will ensure some level of participation in the initial, non-picked over stage of the cycle. Event driven strategies that require tangible manager infrastructure and expertise to harvest alpha can also provide some uncorrelated returns designed to be persistent no matter if the equity markets begin to fade or not.
Pans: Okay perhaps directional equity driven is a bit too broad a stroke and certainly all can recognise the power of equities to enhance a return stream. If shifting from long-only equity into equity long/short, a tight net is favoured (+/-25 per cent) for the upcoming period. Also favoured are sector specialists, not too narrow, and geography specific funds where fundamentals may continue to hold sway. Here, Japan remains a favourite, as do TMT and Healthcare given their broad scope and dynamic state.
As liquidity can be fleeting given the structural changes to the market, strategies that rely upon leverage and liquidity from third parties are to be avoided under the start of a new cycle where a re-pricing will make execution less important.
Cédric Vuignier, Portfolio Manager OYSTER Alternative Uncorrelated Fund, SYZ Asset Management
In this constant search for alpha, we believe three themes will stand out over the 12 months ahead.
Capturing bond arbitrage
The first is convertible bond arbitrage, which involves capturing value in the difference between a convertible bond and its underlying stock. The outlook for this strategy has not changed significantly over the last year. It can take advantage of a more volatile environment and at the same time maintains a position in the equity market. This strategy is also backed by a favourable corporate action pipeline and improved US new issuances, thanks to a new tax law.
Go big in Japan
Secondly, we think there is value to be found in Japan, perhaps ironically given our conviction the world’s developed economies are threatened with ‘Japanification’. Yet, thanks to recent reforms under Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, Japan’s corporate sector is undergoing profound changes.
By making cash more expensive for businesses to hold, Japanese companies are being encouraged to engage in more corporate activities such as merger and share buybacks. This is working. Activity is picking up, creating opportunities with more value for shareholders.
Finally, our third investment theme for the year ahead is ‘Machine Learning.’ We are at a stage where machines are data mining to build models and make discoveries in a range of fields that are independent of human hypotheses. This has created a race for data, and among investors, a search for alpha in the market. These are investable technologies, through highly specialised managers, working to optimise portfolios and create investment and forecasting models.
Each of these themes, we believe, has the potential to add usefully diverse sources of return to investors’ portfolios.
What should investor expectations be for hedge fund performance in 2020?
Andrew Relph, Head of Business Development, Burren Capital Advisors
Investors should expect hedge fund returns to remain idiosyncratic. There will be winners and losers according to the underlying investment strategy and the levels of alpha and beta captured by each hedge fund.
Continued geopolitical uncertainty is likely to result in dispersion of returns, particularly amongst discretionary strategies, where managers may hold opposing views.
Market-neutral strategies should remain uncorrelated and continue to protect capital, and although expectations for returns should be steady rather than stellar, I foresee investors tilting toward such strategies to hedge beta exposure in well-priced markets. Indeed, short sellers face a fertile hunting ground and may profit in 2020 from exposing corporate excesses built up over the last decade.
Overall, the ‘accommodative’ interest rate environment will weigh on hedge fund strategies anchored to risk-free returns. Currency hedging costs driven by regional interest rate differentials will continue to eat away at performance for non-US investors. Allocators therefore face the choice of accepting increased risk to achieve target returns, or risking underperformance by maintaining a steady risk-budget.
Regarding merger arbitrage specifically, unlevered returns in the low-to-mid single digit range should be achievable, with higher returns commensurate with the amount of leverage each fund employs.
How do you think the GP/LP relationship might evolve?
Raymond Nolte, Co-CIO, SkyBridge Capital
I think we will continue to see some modest fee compression; they contracted a small amount last year, but not to the same extent as in prior years. I also think we will continue to see good transparency and communication by GPs as to what is going on their fund strategies.
The view on hedge funds, whether it’s from the HNW investor community or institutional investor community, is that some will throw in the towel and conclude they are just not getting the returns they want, but at the same time others are saying the opposite. In their view, now is the time to be putting more money into these strategies because of the correlation properties and how they help from a portfolio construction standpoint.
As such, there could be a tug of war between the GPs’ and LPs’ perception of what the GPs should be doing.
Low to mid single-digit returns with a low volatility profile are not enough for some investors who feel they cannot justify the fees. To that response, I say, you have to look at the risk-adjusted returns net of fees: do they still represent good value? A better Sharpe ratio, net of fees, is still good value but some investors look at absolute returns and want double digit performance from their hedge fund investments.
Other investors look at rates on US 10-year Treasuries trading at 1.80 per cent and it doesn’t get them close to the actuarial rates they need to achieve. Moreover, the probability is they will lose money at some point when rates reverse (and bond prices fall). In their view, it is worth holding hedge funds with a 7 or 8 per cent return and low correlation to bonds.
Achieving 10 or 15 per cent from the market is just not a realistic number these days. You can’t squeeze blood from a stone.
If you had to make one key prediction for the hedge fund industry for 2020 – either broadly or in respect to a specific strategy – what would it be?
Jim Neumann, CIO, Sussex Partners
As 2020 is now firmly in the windshield, investors need to assess their portfolios with an acknowledgement that broad asset rallies, even those aided by central banks, cannot go on ad infinitum. Couple this with uncertainty in the economic/geopolitical landscape and plotting the path forward seems to cry out for a more active approach. 20/20 foresight is hard to achieve but worth striving towards in 2020.
Barbara Ann Bernard, Founder, Wincrest Capital
“Mega Crowded” – Value investing’s 12-year underperformance will come to an end as the market begins to recognise the risk of overpaying for strong fundamentals. Over the last twenty years, the two largest companies in the US market averaged roughly 57% of the total market cap of small-cap stocks, but at the end of Q3, this had risen to 92%, according to Royce & Associates. A rotation out of mega-cap FAANG stocks will benefit long-abandoned small-cap and value-oriented shares.
Michiel Meeuwissen, Co-Head of Alternative Strategies, Kempen Capital Management
We expect Insurance Linked Investments and Asia-focused Long / Short Equity to perform best in 2020. With respect to ILS, the pricing environment in the retrocession segment of the market (i.e. reinsurance for reinsurers) is expected to be favourable going into 2020 resulting from a projected supply/demand dislocation of the back of severe catastrophe loss years in 2017 (hurricanes) and 2018 (wildfires) in combination with the (partial) withdrawal of a few key retro players from the market.
With respect to Asia-focused Long/Short Equity, we like the combination of more attractive valuations, large inefficiencies allowing stock pickers to add value long and short, and lower correlation between regional markets such as China and India.
What new method or approach for accessing hedge funds could we potentially see in the year ahead?
Michael Stein, Senior Portfolio Manager, Alternative Investments, Citi Private Bank
At Citi we continue to move away from evaluating hedge funds in isolation and toward understanding how they fit into a client’s multi-asset class portfolio. For example, equity long-short hedge funds with a net long bias need to make sense within a client’s equity allocation and present a compelling opportunity relative to other expressions of equity risk.