The International Organisation of Securities Commissions has published a Report on the Second IOSCO Hedge Fund Survey, looking at efforts by regulators to better understand the hedge fund industry.
The aim of the IOSCO survey is to gather data from hedge fund managers and advisers about the markets in which they operate, their trading activities, leverage, funding and counterparty information. It forms part of IOSCO’s efforts to support the G20 initiative to mitigate risk associated with hedge fund trading and traditional opacity.
The report explains the results of the second IOSCO survey and provides an overview of the hedge fund industry as of September 2012. It covers the following areas:
- Qualifying funds: The hedge survey gathered data on 1,044 qualifying funds. The US and the UK are the two predominant regions where hedge fund managers/advisers are located.
- Assets under management: The funds captured in the survey represented USD1.94trn in total net assets under management.
- Fund domiciliation: These funds are usually domiciled in offshore jurisdictions in order to benefit from more favourable tax and regulatory regimes. The Cayman Islands have been the predominant domicile for these funds.
- Investment strategy: The report indicates that the single most represented strategy among active funds is equity oriented. Macro-oriented and multi-strategy funds are also significant.
- Use of leverage and market exposure: The report shows how financial leverage is used by firms to increase their market exposure. This data is at the core of the systemic risk analysis that regulators aim to better understand and capture.
- Liquidity risk: This is a key measure by which regulators try to gauge a fund’s propensity to experience financial distress. The survey indicated that under current market conditions few funds actually need to restrict investor liquidity.
The survey also seeks to facilitate the exchange of consistent and comparable data among relevant regulators for the purpose of:
- facilitating international cooperation regarding possible systemic risks in this sector;
- providing a forum for the discussion of potential regulatory options if these are required; and
- gaining a better insight into the global hedge fund industry.
David Wright, the secretary general of IOSCO, says: “This work is an essential building block to develop a more transparent and open global financial system. It is essential that regulators have the full picture of all parts of the market from which to make appropriate policy judgments.
“The report also acknowledges the limitations involved in this data collection exercise, which prevented definitive conclusions to be reached on the risk to the financial system. Going forward, IOSCO will continue to promote the collection of comparable hedge fund data among regulators with the aim of fostering an internationally consistent approach to measuring risks and improving data quality and reliability.”